It has declared a conflict mortal among the growing population of India and its wildlife, reduced forests and grasslands increasingly small, and the figures reveal that at least one person dies daily in an encounter with a tiger or an elephant.
The statistics disseminated this week by the Ministry of Environment indicate that 1.144 people were killed between April 2014 and may of this year.
“The conflict is one of the biggest challenges for conservation,” said Belinda Wright, founder of the Society for the protection of Wildlife, with headquarters in New Delhi. “India is particularly serious due to the large human population”.
The population of 1,300 million continues to grow, and in doing so invades the wild spaces and traditional animal sanctuaries, where humans compete with wildlife for food and other resources.
Is usually to consider human settlements as an indication of economic development. But for those who live on the borders with the wildlife, the development may have a high cost.
Of the 1052 and lives charged by elephants in the last three years, many of these people simply were in the way of elephants that came out of the jungle in search of vegetation and invade crops. Experts say that these encounters are increasing as the elephants found their traditional steps enclosed by motorways, railways and factories.
The decrease of the habitats of good quality and the access of the animals to their pathways of transfer are absolutely critical to the conservation efforts of India and the future of its charismatic mammals,” said Wright.
The vet N. V. K. Ashraf said that the high mortality is probably due to that many people rely on the forests for their livelihood.
“The people that penetrates in the forest in search of food or products, you run the risk of coming across a tiger or a herd of elephants,” he said.
The encounter of human beings with tigers has increased gradually since the 70s, when India launched a national programme for the protection of tigers sanctuaries within the national parks, and laws that punish the death of a feline. Although the methods of counting have changed, the census indicated that their number has grown to 1,800 then to 2.226 in 2014.