In the Netherlands carry on fighting for the rights of dogs since 1864, when it established the first agency for the protection of animals in The Hague; years later, in 1877, he opened the first asylum canine.
The Dutch Agency of Protection Canine (‘Hondenbescherming‘), the Platform Foundations Animals (‘Animal Foundation Platform‘), and the University HAS Den Bosch, joined some years ago to investigate what could be the reasons why unlike other european countries, the Low Countries if they had managed to finish with the abandonment of animals and to do this they had to trace the history of the region.
Since the year 1800 almost all the families in the european country shared its roof with dogs. Even, the type of dog that had each family, it was a symbol of the status of the same. The upper class used to breed dogs with pedigree, while the street were common among those who had less purchasing power, thus employing them as working dogs.
In the NINETEENTH century began to be made to laws relating to the tenure of canes, even though they aren’t favored too, as it was allowed once they have served their «useful life» were thrown on to the street. As it was legal to abandon them, the population of stray dogs was increasing, and in the absence of a disease control, were spreading diseases such as rabies. Then appeared a new profession, the hunter of dogs, the fear of an epidemic led to the society the sacrifice of a multitude of dogs in the streets.
In addition to taking measures such as the mandatory use of leashes and muzzles for dogs some regions of the netherlands decided to establish tax canines, in order to exercise a more strict control of the furry that campaban to their hearts content on the streets, however, was a mistake.
Increased dropouts, since a large part of the population was not willing to make payment, or could not afford it. By matching a dog with good health and well fed was a synonym of wealth, which resulted in a greater concern for providing the animals a better deal. The importance of the welfare of the dogs led to the creation of societies and organizations dog. And in 1886 began to be imposed penalties to the abusers.
In the TWENTIETH century introduced an Animal Protection Law and approved the Law on Animal Health and Welfare, which prohibits the owners did not provide the care appropriate to or abuse of the same. What happens if it violates the Law of Animal Health and Welfare? The judicial system is what would be considered a criminal offense, punishable with three years imprisonment and fined 16.750 euros, hence in the Netherlands before you have a dog and leave it, think twice.
Presently, the Dutch see their dogs as if they were their own children and, therefore, do not conceive of get rid of them. In addition, as stated by Isabelle Sternheim in the report of Dogresearch, since 1960 there has been a birth control of the animals, «the number of sterilizations of dogs and cats has increased significantly.»
According to Isabelle Sternheim is difficult to determine «if the organizations were created from the need for the care of the animals, or if the need for the care of animals have originated with these organizations,» what is certain is that they have been numerous groups that have decided to care for the welfare of the animals, among them the Dierenbescherming (protection Agency animal Dutch), Hondenbescherming protection Agency (canine Dutch) and Moved voor de dieren (Party for the animals), among others.
And thanks to them there are no longer stray dogs. Holland has been a change of mentality is very strong, the animals are conceived as beings which, like people feel and experience, hence even at the educational level the emphasis is placed on teaching children to respect them and care for them.
The World Health Organization (WHO) and the World Animal Protection(WSPA) reported in the 90’s that the only way to curb the canine overpopulation street was to sterilise, educate the society about the responsible ownership and identify the animals.
And the Netherlands followed the recommendations, it is more like the report of Dogreserch warns an overpopulation of animals leads to an increase in the birth of puppies, not having enough resources to give shelter to so many «many dogs weak die miserably, due to malnutrition and/or dehydration. When the number of stray dogs remains stable, the suffering of the species decreases considerably», because it adapts to the resources of the country.
Holland knew how to benefit from this measure and to control the overpopulation of animals, because the compulsive buying of dogs was a problem because the birth rate did not stop to grow. To stop it, the government assumed the costs of the sterilizations and castrations organizing campaigns free for both kennels as well as for families.
Another measure was to increase the tax for people who buy breed dogs, making it easy for those who really wanted to have a dog just adopting. Today, Holland can boast, proud of being the only european country recognized as free of abandoned dogs. But… if there are dogs up for adoption, and the Dutch want a life partner, What can you do?
For that was born in 2001, the association SOS Strays, chaired by Carine Wouters. There are several trips that the organization carries out to different european countries to supply food and materials that will help to improve the conditions of the animals that live in kennels or protective, but at the same time the same trucks that leave the Netherlands with aid to neighbouring countries, collect abandoned dogs to offer them a home next to a family from the Netherlands who will be delighted to open the doors of your home and your life.