The elephants become night owls to escape poachers
African elephants have learned to navigate and feed at night to escape the poachers in the areas in which they operate regularly, a study suggests.
Last year that type of behavior was detected in an elephant baptized Morgan, equipped with a GPS collar that insisted on crossing of night, a region that is very dangerous, explained the organization for the protection of animals Save The Elephants and the university of Twente (the Netherlands) through a press release published Wednesday.
This lone male had left the coastal region of southeastern Kenya towards Somalia. To pass through that area very dangerous for the elephants, and chose to move at night and blend in among the bushes of the day.
“Our hypothesis is that poaching represents a clear risk day,” explained the experts from Save the Elephants and the university of Dutch in their study published in Ecological Indicators.
The team of experts draws their conclusions from the data, of elephants equipped with GPS collars between 2002 and 2012 in the north of Kenya, and more particularly in the case of 28 females and 32 males.
When the level of poaching increased, “the pachyderms moved more during the night than during the day,” explained the study.
This change of habits demonstrate the adaptability of the elephants, the mammals of larger size on earth, but that “may have consequences on their ability to feed, reproduce and survive,” explained Ian Douglas-Hamilton, co-author of the study.
About 30,000 elephants are killed each year in Africa because of the illegal trafficking of ivory. AFP.
Ivory the right and the left
The Agency of Environmental Research, says that between the years 2003 to 2014 were seized in the European Union 11 tons of illegal ivory, in front of only four tons-honored trade of legal ivory. In addition to these eleven tons of illegal seized it is estimated that only intercepts 10% of the illegal trade real. These data indicate that in the European Union the majority of this trade is carried out illegally.
In the year 2016, at the Paris Conference of CITES (the international body dedicated to the regulation of trade in species or products derived from species in danger of extinction) adopted a resolution in which it recommended to the member countries of CITES have to close their markets to trade in raw ivory, and developed as the only effective measure to stop the killing of elephants. Countries such as the united states and China have taken important steps in this direction.
The International Fund for Animal Welfare (IFAW) has launched a campaign which called on the leaders of the European Union introduced a ban on legally-binding trade in ivory both raw as developed as a unique way to simplify and improve the systems of control of illegal traffic.