From the decade of the 60, we have seen a massive growth in the scientific understanding of what animals think, know and feel. In these days, in addition, are quite frequent headlines that present the latest revelations regarding what animals are in reality: the chimpanzees reduce the stress of their close friends, the pigs have something like personality and mood, and elephants mourn their dead —so do the whales—. Even to a casual reader ends up being clear that, like us, animals have inner lives.
And what about the dogs? Since we started to live together with them, benefiting from each other’s company, the ability of man’s best friend to bark at the postman and look for a stick is already an intelligence test. But it can be much more brilliant than that. If, however, there are also some things that you had misunderstood these friends.
The face of guilt
You’re probably familiar with the face of guilt, whether or not you have a dog, because it takes up a good amount of all of the gif quality of the Internet. If you have not seen it, I suggest you to take a break and you’re looking for it, under the caveat that they are enternecedoras and very addictive to watch.
The dogs put that face when they pee in inappropriate places, or break things that should not break: head bowed, showing some enormous sad eyes.
Nathan Lents explained recently in Psychology Today, people who study animal behavior call this look: “bow of apology” and that comes from long before the dogs are domesticaran; it is an essential part of the survival of the canine.
For example, researchers have observed that the wolves are relatives of dogs— also adopted this position after doing something the rest of the herd considered socially unacceptable. The dogs simply have inherited this behavior and use it after any type of infringement that can be punished. As social animals, crave the harmonious integration in the group, the abandonment or isolation is painful for them and is already considered a punishment; and in reality, what they feel, it’s more like fear than guilt. It has nothing to do with the apology, but it is a posture of submission, so the dogs or dominant wolves alpha within the herds almost never use the pose.
So, your dog doesn’t feel exactly guilty of having bitten off the legs of the table in the living room, rather afraid because it’s all yours and you can punish him.
The empathy of dogs
In a study published in the journal Animal Cognition, a team of researchers of animal behavior found that dogs are as susceptible to “emotional contagion” with human beings as they are with members of their own species.
The study was done by making them listen to recordings of the sounds of positive and negative two other dogs (barking playful, howls, etc) and human (laughter or crying); and only the listener of these changed their behavior. This indicates that the dogs recognize the different valences of emotional sounds. That is to say, they understand what they hear and know the difference between sadness and happiness. In addition, the dogs tended to behave the same way in response to the sound of an emotion determined, regardless of whether it was canine or human, which means that they understand alike the sadness or happiness of human of your own species.
In fact, there is material that shows that dogs understand the words and the intonation of the human voice, although the manner how it is said is what matters when it comes to communicating with them. It is likely that you do not understand the message, but understood by the tone if this is good or bad.
«Scientists in Hungary scanned the brains of several dogs, while every one listened to the sound of the voice of your coach. They discovered that only experience a sense of reward when the words and the intonation indicate praise, regardless of what they say».
Yes, your dog looks like him
Surely at some time have thought that some pets look like their owners. It’s a subtle thing, maybe both are overweight, or are walking similar. If you talk with a well known like you said that is crazy, but you’re mistaken; yes, the idea that dogs resemble their owners really have any basis: research has shown that people tend to choose the animals that share their physical characteristics, in ways both obvious and subtle. Overweight people are more likely to have dogs meaty, for example, but even something as subtle as the shape of the eyes may be a factor. We are attracted to, in other words, the domestic animals that remind us of ourselves.
But in addition, with the time the dog is responsible for more like it. The sensitivity and ability to demonstrate empathy for the dog makes to take often elements of our personality and the copy. “For example, dogs recognize and integrate the emotional information of humans and adjust its behavior to these communication signals”. The more anxious and neurotic is the owner, the more likely it is that the dog share those same traits. On the other hand, the dogs of people cold is more likely to be relaxed.
“The owners and the dogs are dyads social [group of two], and influences in one the stress of the other,” says Iris Schoberl, a researcher in animal behavior at the University of Vienna. The authors of the study also stated that the half-human of the relationship is more influential than that of the dog. In other words, we are more likely to pass on our traits to our dogs that we are going to take us from them.
Unconditional love or interest
The ‘perretes’ are relatively poor at scamming. Of course, do not lie; do not say with words “I have not eaten” just after somebody to give them, but if you can will crazy about it to see if sneaks. Also if you are an owner of one you will feel that your love fluctuates depending on if there is food involved or not.
As our pets can be cunning and manipulative when they want to maximize the number of delicacies to eat, you might stand a reasonable doubt if he loves you or only to the food that you give. Well, although that depends a lot on the dog, there are a lot of signs that do feel something when you see you… or smell you.
Smell is the sense most powerful and perhaps important of dogs, so that makes it an obvious place to begin the study of social cognition dog-human. Well, using functional magnetic resonance imaging and the smells of the owners, in this study, we attempted to identify the biological response and its dimension. What was found suggests that dogs have a positive association with the human odorexperience physiological changes, including an increase in the flow of oxytocin, a hormone acting as a neuromodulator in the central nervous system by modulating social behavior, sexual patterns and behavior parental.