October 11, 2017
Fiestas and traditions of cruel are not always ancient practices, some have a few generations have been established. In Mexico, at least we have identified a dozen traditions in the torture to death of different types of animals.
To this end, a protective organization for the rights of animals works to eradicate this kind of practices through work with the community and modification of local laws.
By Amapola Nava
Mexico city, October 11 (news Agency Conacyt/However).- In Mexico, there are at least a dozen traditions to give the torture to death of different types of animals. Are the cock fights, the rodeos and the bullfights, but perhaps none as the Kots Kaal Duck, a feast in which the participants got iguanas and possums in piñatas and then kill them to sticks, in addition to hanging ducks by the legs to rip off their head with the hands.
The Kots Kaal Duck was part of the celebrations to San Bartolo, a small village in the municipality of Izamal, Yucatan. Fortunately, the last time it was performed was two years ago, in April of 2015, and Daniel Antón Aguilar Garcia, executive director of the animal protection organization Humane Society International Mexico (HSI Mexico), hopes that the practices of animal abuse not to return to this community.
“It has been the first festival of this type that we have been able to transform and hope that would give an impulse to change other parties who mistreat animals”.
RELIGIOUS FESTIVALS, AND ANIMAL PROTECTION
The most cruel fiestas in Mexico are related to any feast, which is celebrated to roman catholic saints. Something to Anton Aguilar seems contradictory, being that the catholic religion has a long tradition of compassion for animals, and recently pope Francis wrote in the encyclical Laudato if’, in called to care for the environment and animals.
This was the reason why the HSI Mexico, do not hesitate to contact the parish priest of the village to try to end the animal cruelty in the Kots Kaal Duck. The pastor agreed to support and jointly with the government of the municipality of Izamal, and local organizations Shelter Franciscan of the Animal Unprotected, B.C. and Movement Consciousness, began the transformation of the feast of San Bartolo.
Competitions were organized and cultural events without cruelty to animals, talks were given in schools, from preschool to high school, to raise awareness about the importance of caring and protecting animals, and the response has been pretty good, authorities and citizens decided to cancel permanently the practice of violence against animals, » says Anton Aguilar.
SILENCE IN THE FACE OF VIOLENCE
Fiestas and traditions of cruel are not always ancient practices, some have a few generations have been established.
“In the community of the municipality of Izamal, the seniors told us that the Kots Kaal Duck before was not so, that yes, there was a tradition of sacrificing a duck as a ritual upon entering the chapel, but from there to hang it, descabezarlos and fill the piñatas, there was a perversion that has happened recently, in that particular case”.
The factor for this kind of practices are putting in a community is complex and not all members of the community agree with the violence.
“I was very surprised that when we went to schools to give talks, the young people were saying to us, ‘How good that is over, I never liked’. But there was not a person or a group of people who raised the voice and said: ‘This must stop’. People grow up and live with something they don’t like but don’t think that things can be otherwise”.
ANIMALS THAT FEEL
Although that perception is already changing, for a long time it was thought that animals were things that you didn’t feel, I could do with them what you would like, even mistreat them, and as are beings that are vulnerable, that can’t defend, to the people it was easy, » says Anton Aguilar.
But the discussion of the animal suffering it is a debate that has already been surpassed. Animals have a central nervous system that makes them capable of having a perception of reality that closely resembles that of human beings, and there is a scientific consensus, philosophical, and even public opinion, which accepts that animals are able to feel pain, have emotions and a certain level of intelligence, explains the executive director of HSI Mexico.
It is the consensus that animals feel anguish, pain and fear that lays the foundation of animal protection.
MORE CRUEL FIESTAS
In Mexico, HSI has identified ten traditions in which violence is done to the animals, some of them little known and of local practice, others that are practiced throughout the republic.
In Tlacotalpan, Veracruz, on February 2, the feast of the Virgin of Candelaria, some people force the bulls, zebus to drink alcohol, the apuñalan and then throw them to the Papaloapan river, where he almost always drown, and if you do not drown are released to the streets where they are harassed and hit, explains Anton Aguilar.
In November of last year, the state law of animal protection was made a criminal offence animal abuse, but in spite of what is stipulated by the law and the operations that the government conducted in the town, the inhabitants of Tlacotalpan became to be injurious to the animals.
There is also the tournament of the loop in the Yucatan. A tradition that HSI Mexico will try to transform.
The tournament’s tie is a tradition of cruelty that is performed in rodeos itinerant, throughout the year. The rodeo come riders who ride horses without protection, at the same time releasing bulls with sharp horns, with the goal that embistan to the horses.
“In principle, the riders try to avoid the bull corneé to the horses, but what almost always happens is that the bull reaches to the horses and the desviscera. The horses begin to fall the bowels in the arena, and in this consists the show. The bulls also call them the bulls sacatripas”.
This practice has little time have been invented and rodeos attended by children and adults, explains Anton Aguilar. What the organization aims to reform the state laws that would forbid this kind of practices.
PROTECTION LAWS, STATE
In the country, all states, except Oaxaca, have an animal protection law. But they are almost always discriminatory, that is to say, to protect some animals and not others. Almost all of these laws, for example, prohibit the animal abuse with the exception of bullfighting and cock fights, of certain animals they also face discrimination from the protections offered by the laws, » says Anton Aguilar.
“There are several reasons to find that the laws prohibiting animal abuse, in principle, laws should reflect shared values of the society, and the extent to which our values reject increasingly, animal abuse it is important that it is embodied. But in addition there is also a dimension of constraint in the legislation that imposed criminal or administrative sanctions and that, too, is important because it plays a role as a deterrent and punitive”.
LAWS FOR THE PROTECTION OF ANIMALS
Anton Aguilar is a master in political science and have studied how congress works, how they are constructed speeches to highlight certain issues of public policy and how to promote certain solutions of public policy, he has been helped in its work of protection to the animals, as the main role of HSI Mexico is to provide technical support for the design of public policies and legislation for animal welfare.
A little more than two and a half years of its foundation, HSI Mexico has driven a reform of the federal criminal code to punish the people who make dog fights and have worked in legislative aspects of the constitution of Mexico City, for example the prohibition of the sale of animals in markets.
The organization is formed by a multidisciplinary team that includes experts in animal behavior and has agreements with the ministry of Public Safety and with the Office of Environmental to train its elements in issues of response to complaints of animal abuse and management of rescued animals. In addition, provide the facilities with equipment for the emergency management of animals.
Anton Aguilar considers that good progress has been made in terms of legislation, even as the majority of state penal codes there are sanctions for those who mistreat animals, the challenge now is to ensure that laws are applied as they should.