In the framework of the world day of the sterilisation of pets, in Mexico the official figures reflect that, despite advances in the art, there is still much to be done, considered civil society organizations.
From 2001 to 2016, the number of sterilizations increased from 48 thousand 918 649 thousand 638, i.e., approximately 1.5% of the dogs and cats in Mexico to 2015 amounted to 23 million, according to data from the National Center of Preventive Programs and Disease Control of the ministry of Health (Ssa) and the Chamber of Deputies.
The data of the Ssa reveal what are the six entities with the highest number of procedures up until last year: the head is the State of Mexico with 161 thousand 924, followed by Puebla with 67 thousand 932; City of Mexico with 59 thousand 200, Jalisco with 54 thousand 056; San Luis Potosí, with 43 thousand 430 and Guanajuato with 40 thousand 984.
While the states with fewer records are: Nayarit with zero cases of sterilisation reported, Quintana Roo, Aguascalientes, Campeche, Chiapas, and Michoacan, with between two and four thousand interventions.
However, of the more than 23 million dogs and cats that had up until 2015, 70% live in situation of street , and of them, at least 10 million (62%) are not sterilized. Even, up to that time, Mexico also ranked first in Latin america with the highest number of abandoned pets, according to the Chamber of Deputies.
Thus, according to the association World Animal Protection, both phenomena go hand in hand, for the problem of pet street is exacerbated when they are not sterilized. Females may have on average between five and six pups at a birth, and become pregnant up to twice a year, according to dr Melania Gamboa, manager of the Veterinary Programmes of the agency.
Which, in extreme cases, could represent twelve offspring a year and an average life of 10 years, a total of 120 new canes.
In Mexico, the interest in establishing controls for the reproduction canine dates back to 1994, when the ministry of Health coordinated in conjunction with animal protection groups and schools of veterinary medicine local the sterilization of dogs and cats, joining in all the states of the republic 147 thousand interventions between 1994 and the year 2000.
The specialist Melania Gamboa ensures that sterilization is an effective solution and a preventive measure that gives positive results in the long and medium term in the reduction of offspring and the risk of disease.
“Think of the sterilization of dogs and cats both from the street as owner, is to think not only in the health and welfare of these, but also on the quality of life of our communities.”
In that sense, World Animal Protection promoted the international campaign #Muestralapancita through social networks, where it invites people to post photos of their dogs or cats with the abdomen upward, showing her scar from her spay surgery.